Ayodhya Verdict: The History Behind Historic Judgement

Today was the historic day for India as 200+ years old Ayodhya dispute has finally been settled by Supreme Court of India.

The judgment summarized in one line – Ramjanmabhoomi goes to Hindus for which trust will be set up. Muslims to get land in compensation.

The most critical part of the entire process was judgement was unanimous without any ambiguity, whatsoever. Most of Indians expressed joy as they said – truth established; justice done.

Check out the disputed Ayodhya site and the chronology of the dispute.

Disputed area (PC: Times of India)

1528: A mosque is built on the site by Moghul commander Mir Baqi

1853: First recorded incidents of communal violence at the disputed site.

1859: British officials erect a fence to separate the places of worship-the inner court for Muslims and the outer court for the Hindus.

1949: An idol of Lord Ram surfaces inside mosque. Muslims protest, claim Hindus kept it there. Government proclaims premises a disputed area, locks the gate.

1950: Two suits filed in Faizabad civil court for rights to perform pooja to Ram Lalla and keep idols in the structure.

1959: Nirmohi Akhara files third suit

1961: UP Sunni Central Wakf Board files a suit demanding possession of site and removal of idols

1986: District judge orders locks be removed and the site opened for Hindu worshippers

1990: LK Advani undertakes rath yatra from Somnath to Ayodhya

Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished by a kar sevaks. Hindu-Muslim violence follows, leaves more than 2000 dead.

2001: Special judge drops conspiracy charge against 13 accused, including LK Advani and Kalyan Singh

2002: Train carrying kar sevaks (Hindu activists) set on a fire in Godhra killing 58, riots follows leaving 1000+ dead

Hearing on Ayodhya begins.

2010: Allahabad HC awards 2/3rd of Ayodhya site to Hindu parties and 1/3rd to Waqf Board.

2011: SC stays Allahabad HC verdict on Ayodhya dispute

2017: SC calls for out of court settlement; restore criminal conspiracy charge against top BJP leaders.

2018: SC refuses to refer to larger bench the issue whether mosques are integral part to Islam.

Aug 06, 2019: SC begins day-to-day hearing after mediation proceedings failed.

Oct 16, 2019: SC concludes hearing and reserves verdict.

Nov 9, 2019: SC order Centre to set up trust to build temple at disputed site, allots alternate land for mosques.

K K Muhammed, former regional director (North), Archaeological Survey of India reacted to the Ayodhya verdict saying,  “On the basis of archaeological and historical evidences that were supplied by ASI, the court came to conclusion that there was a huge magnificent temple earlier and we should build a new temple once more.”

There are several architect of this landmark verdict, including but not limited to Mr LK Advani(BJP), Mr Ashok Singhal(VHP), Mr Subramanian Swami(BJP), Mr KK Muhammed(former ASI regional(north) director), and Advt Parasaran Ji, Modi Govt, thousands of kar sevak(Hindu activists), millions of Bhagawan Shri Ram followers, and Supreme court.

(Reference: Times of India, Hindu, Deccan Herald and SC judgement)

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